Entries by Miguel Ángel Baños Bernad


The transmetatarsal amputation is one of the most surgical resections in foot. This kind of amputations are usually made as a consequence of serious infections –very frequent in diabetic patients-, vascular alterations and traumatisms from several causes. Sometimes, a transmetatarsal amputation is better than to keep rigid or deformed toes which may alter the correct […]

Overview of the rheumatoid foot

We define rheumatoid foot as the foot affected by inflammatory or rheumatic diseases in multiple joints. The most common symptoms the rheumatoid foot presents are: pain, stiffness, deformity and numbness. The most common rheumatic pathologies are: rheumatoid arthritis, arthrosis and psoriatic arthropathy. • Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic inflammatory malady of corrective tissue. It is […]

Hallux extensus: first toe deformity in the sagittal plane

The hallux extensus consists of the dorsiflexion or dorsal extension of the first radius. Its origin may be congenital or acquired and it is mainly caused by: a paralysis, involving brain-vascular accidents and neuromuscular diseases, among others; due to different types of alterations at the metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joint, such as the shortening of the […]

Hallux flexus: causes, clinical history and treatment

Hallux flexus is an anomaly of the big toe that causes an elevation of the head of the first metatarsal and a plantarflexion of the proximal phalanx. Structurally the metatarsophalangeal joint adopts a certain degree of dorsiflexion while the interphalangeal joint forms a plantarflexion to compensate. This deformity of the first radius is accompanied by […]

Elephantiasis or Chronic lymphatic filariasis

Elephantiasis is a syndrome mainly caused by hypertrophy of the lower extremities and external genitalia. It has its etiology in repetitive inflammatory diseases with obstruction of the lymphatic vessels and very specifically in filarial parasitic infections. Elephantiasis is a tropical skin disease caused by Wuchereria bancrofti type parasites. Transmission is due to the bite of […]

Application of neuromuscular bandages in the lower extremity

The neuromuscular bandage, also known as kynesiotape (among other names), was invented in the early 1970s by the Doctor Kenzo Kasai. The use of these bandages by top class sportsmen in the last years has had an effect on the media being used as a result of it by sportsmen of all categories. Nowadays, neuromuscular […]